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Some things Microsoft .... some not.

The Windows 10 installation experience

Something to do this weekend!

For some time now, I had been planning (and looking forward) to upgrade an old 4 GB RAM, 150 GB, Windows 7 32 bit Pro laptop to Windows 10. This weekend, I finally got some time to get this plan into action. Just as a prelude, Windows 10 was released on 29th of July 2015 (Hello World). Microsoft offers free upgrades to Windows 10 for Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 users (some Enterprise editions are excluded – How to Upgrade).

“This combines the strengths of Windows 8 with Windows 7.” – Windows Insider on Windows 10

Windows 10 features are listed in various articles and blogs across the internet. 10 great new features in Windows 10 lists out some of them.

I went through several blogs and comments from people across the internet before proceeding though. Based on a review, it took someone only about an hour to install it. I was not that lucky! In fact I had to try a few times before I could finally get it installed.

Round 1 – 8th August 2015 – 20:00 hours

The laptop I had to upgrade was not showing a Windows 10 upgrade icon in the system tray.

Windows 10 upgrade icon

Windows 10 upgrade icon

The reason for this was this machine had not been updated in a few months and this icon won’t appear till latest Windows 7 updates are installed. Not having the patience to wait for the updates to download and install, I decided to fall back on my Windows Insider account. Once I logged in, I got an option to “Get Windows 10”. I downloaded the Media Creation Tool (Windows 32 bit) and ran it. The operating system is downloaded first. Download speed obviously depends on the internet connection. In this case, it took about 2 hours. At about 10 PM, once OS the download completed, the “Upgrade this PC now” option is what I selected.

Installation

Installation

I was redirected to the next page where I chose the language, architecture (32 bit) and ‘Windows 10 Home’ options. Surprisingly, I did not get a ‘Windows 10 Pro’ option even though the laptop was running Windows 7 Premium. I later came to know both Windows 7 Home and Home Premium can be upgraded to Windows 10 home only (upgrade paths below).

Host operating system edition
Windows 10 edition
  • Windows 7 Starter
  • Windows 7 Home Basic
  • Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows 8/8.1 Windows 8.1 with Bing
  • Windows 10 Home

Windows 10 Home

  • Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows 7 Ultimate
  • Windows 8 Pro
  • Windows 8.1 Pro Windows 8/8.1 Professional with Media Center
  • Windows 10 Pro

Windows 10 Pro

In the “Which type of installation do you want” Window, I picked ‘Custom: Install Windows Only’ first. There were three choices displayed – ‘keep apps,settings and files’, ‘keep files and ‘keep nothing’. I just went back to the previous page, chose ‘Upgrade: Install Windows and Keep Files” and went ahead. Somewhere in between this process was a long wait where the system checked for updates. This process took about 2 hours. In addition there was another process where after the OS was downloaded, it was verified. This too took up a lot of time.

The entire process completed at about 01:00 hours on the 9th of August, 5 hours after the install had been initiated. The system then restarted at about 1:10 and the old start screen was displayed with a rotating loading icon. At 1:22 with this ‘loading’ icon still rotating , I decided to call it a day.

Next morning, at 7 AM, the same screen was still being displayed! I was disappointed and initiated a hard reboot by turning off power. Once the laptop was turned on again, “a failed to install Windows 10” message was displayed. Thankfully, the system was restored back to the old “Windows 7” state automatically.

Round 2 – 9th August 2015 – 10:00 hours

While I obviously was disappointed with this failure, I decided to try another approach. Using the same tool, this time I downloaded Windows 10 as an iso file. The download took about the same time and the iso was saved to a USB. Once the download completed, I realized that it would be a pain to mount it to a drive as I would need an iso mounting program (or alternately I would need to write this iso to a DVD). While Windows 8 has an option where an iso file can be mounted directly, Windows 7 needs a program to mount this file. As a result, I decided to give “Media tools’ direct installation another shot.

Round 3 – 9th August 2015 – 12:00 hours

I re-initiated the OS download process and went through the same steps as in Round 1. This time, there was some good news. After a few hours of download, verification and checking for updates, Windows 10 started to install. Installation started at around 17:00 hours (once again the other processes took about 5 hours to complete). Windows installation itself took about 2 hours.

At 19:00 hours, the laptop restarted and asked for a password. Once I entered the password, a number of different messages like “almost there, checking the system” etc. were displayed. The best one went something like “it has taken longer to do this than expected. However please be patient”. At around 19:30 hours, 7 hours after the second install had been initiated, and after numerous status messages, setup completed successfully! Once done, I was taken to my desktop where my wallpaper was the same as before, but the icons and taskbar were different. I now had a brand new start menu!

Conclusion

Installing Windows 10 is a crazy but fun experience. The installation process itself takes a lot of time (something which I had not expected when I started off). However, the good part is that very little intervention is required and the installation process takes care of itself. Even though I updated directly from Windows 7 to Windows 10, no data was lost. In addition, all programs were unaffected and no reinstall was necessary.

Windows 10

Windows 10

In addition, rollback too happens automatically in case installation goes wrong and that’s really very good. It does not however imply that we skip taking a backup of files before we proceed with installation. Taking a backup is mandatory.

Another neat feature is that the system maintains an older copy of the Windows folder and other files so users can always switch back to the older OS (Windows 7 or 8) if they do not like Windows 10. Of course, that’s not something anyone should be doing in a hurry!

Apple’s iPhone is best bet to lead phone markets in the near future

Some history – Apple versus Samsung (oh … and Nokia)

Mobile handsets hit the common markets somewhere in the 1990’s. It is well-known that the late 1990’s and the early 2000’s belonged to Nokia. Everything mobile was something called a Communicator. Very soon, Palm and Motorola were in the fray. Somewhere, BlackBerry realized pagers were history and came up with RIM 850 (A history of BlackBerry in 9 iconic phones).

The mobile consumer battle was heating up – Samsung and Sony mobiles hit the market. Monochrome moved to Color. Someone put a flap on the mobile phone. There was a Pen device that could be used to simulate ‘touch’ on the phone. Mobile handsets toyed with the idea of a touch screen.

The good old Nokia Communicator

The good old Nokia Communicator

Then in 2007, something happened (iPhone 1 Launch). The iPhone was neither the first touchscreen phone nor really the first smart phone but it was a revolution. Even though the iPhone changed the market, it was way too expensive and not all consumers opted for it. Samsung and Apple hit markets around the same time – Samsung slightly earlier.

Timelines

Timelines

Lets not forget Operating Systems

Behind every handset, well….there is an Operating System. Even as the handset market changed, operating systems running these handset too underwent a transition. Nokia had Symbian and Samsung Bada. Apple continued to stick to iOS. Google announced Android soon after iPhone 1’s launch. Microsoft killed Windows Mobile and released something completely new (Windows Phone) a year later.

With these three operating systems now available, Mobile Apps were the next big thing. Most handset vendors had two options, either move to one of two (Android or WIndows) operating systems or woo customers with their own “smaller” app base. One thing was clear, only operating systems with a good app eco-system had a better chance of “survival”.


“Galaxy copied the iPhone,” – Chip Lutton, Apple’s Associate General Counsel in July, 2011

“How dare you accuse us of that! We’ve been building cell phones forever. We have our own patents, and Apple is probably violating some of those.” – Dr. Seungho Ahn, Samsung vice president’s reply


And soon, it was 2010

The Mobile market was headed for a three-way battle – Samsung, Nokia and Apple. Consumers were tempted to choose one of these three. True, other players still continued to hold their own (a Blackberry here or a Sony or a HTC there) but it was these three and then, the rest.

Nokia as the leader

Nokia as the leader

Even though Apple’s prices refused to come down, iPhones became very popular. First world countries adopted the iPhone quickly. Other countries too soon got interested through a niche market.

“Uber is efficiency with elegance on top. That’s why I buy an iPhone instead of an average cell phone, why I go to a nice restaurant and pay a little bit more. It’s for the experience.” – Travis Kalanick, American Entrepreneur


Other vendors, notably LG, Huawei and Xiaomi joined the race. Nokia’s decline had started. In 2011, Nokia went into a partnership with Microsoft. Two years later, Microsoft bought Nokia. After a decade and a half where Nokia lead the handset consumer market, it was over.

Nokia Sales decline as other vendors become stronger

Nokia Sales decline as other vendors become stronger

Lets review global handset sales over the last five years (courtesy IDC).

riod Samsung Apple Lenovo* Huawei LG Electronics Others
Q1 2015 24.6% 18.3% 5.6% 5.2% 4.6% 41.7%
Q1 2014 30.7% 15.2% 6.6% 4.7% 4.3% 38.6%
Q1 2013 31.5% 16.9% 4.7% 4.2% 4.7% 38.1%
Q1 2012 28.9% 22.9% 5.0% 3.4% 3.2% 36.6%
Smartphone vendors

Smartphone vendors

Operating systems have stabilized over the last 5 years. Android is the undisputed leader.

Period Android iOS Windows Phone BlackBerry OS Others
Q1 2015 78.0% 18.3% 2.7% 0.3% 0.7%
Q1 2014 81.2% 15.2% 2.5% 0.5% 0.7%
Q1 2013 75.5% 16.9% 3.2% 2.9% 1.5%
Q1 2012 59.2% 22.9% 2.0% 6.3% 9.5%
Operating System Market Share

Operating System Market Share

Now what?

Windows Mobile 10 (a new avatar of Windows Phone) is expected to be released in a few months from now. It will replace Windows Phones. Simultaneously, there will be no Nokia phones, only Microsoft phones. Samsung and Apple will continue to release newer versions of their Waves, Galaxies and iPhones.

Any 30+ age bracket consumer looking for their ‘reliable’ Nokia phone will have to make do with a Microsoft phone. If he or she does not accept Microsoft as a handset vendor, they will have few other choices. One option would be to switch to an iPhone or Samsung phone. Alternately, they could switch to older known names like LG or Motorola or perhaps try something new like the Xiaomi or Huawei.

Any ‘younger’ consumer, in the 18-30 age bracket exploring the handset market for the first time is more likely to be tempted with Apple’s snob iPhone market or switch over to new and exciting options like the Xiaomi. It is less likely they will use the ‘traditional’ handset vendor like Samsung or Motorola or Sony (unless these vendors come up with something trendy enough for this generation).

Statistics too have shown a similar pattern. Samsung handset sales have declined over the past year. Sales are down by 21% – BBC News. And guess who is eating into this share, phones from the emerging Chinese markets!  Samsung have unfortunately also lost their OS. They tried some operating systems over the last five years (including Windows Phone) and have settled with Android (Tizen though, will be an interesting development).

Android is popular and has a HUGE number of apps but that is what makes it, at times, unstable and unwieldy to manage. In terms of overall sales, Samsung are still are way ahead of Apple but given their decline, it may not mean much.

Apple on the other hand does not seem to be too badly hit by these market changes. They will continue to cater handsets to their niche or snob market. This market is likely to remain and even grow over the next few years. Their easy to use interface is helpful in getting new users to adapt and learn quickly. They manage their releases well and maintain quality.

Finally

Much as a Nokia or Microsoft fan would hope Windows Mobile 10 turns things around for them, it will be a tough hill to climb. Samsung continues to try different things to get its fast-reducing customer base back with them – if they lose more customers they will end up behind Apple.

Newer vendors like Xiaomi (from emerging markets) seem keen and raring to go, but there is enough competition for them already.

For now, Apple will continue to remain the best bet. At this stage, they are well placed and unless they screw things up, their handset / operating system combo offering can ensure they remain the top handset provider the next few years.

Now, if only they made affordable phones, things could be even more interesting!